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2017 Apr 400-101 exam answers
Q181. Refer to the exhibit.
What password will be required to enter privileged EXEC mode on a device with the given configuration?
Q182. What two values are required to implement an EIGRP named configuration? (Choose two.)
Q183. Which technology can be used to secure the core of an STP domain?
B. BPDU guard
C. BPDU filter
D. root guard
Since STP does not implement any authentication or encryption to protect the exchange of BPDUs, it is vulnerable to unauthorized participation and attacks. Cisco IOS offers the STP Root Guard feature to enforce the placement of the root bridge and secure the core of the STP domain.
STP root guard forces a port to become a designated port so that no switch on the other end of the link can become a root switch. If a port configured for root guard receives a superior BPDU, the port it is received on is blocked. In this way, STP root guard blocks other devices from trying to become the root bridge.
STP root guard should be enabled on all ports that will never connect to a root bridge, for example, all end user ports. This ensures that a root bridge will never be negotiated on those ports.
Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/solutions/Enterprise/Security/Baseline_Security/secur ebasebook/sec_chap7.html
Q184. You are implementing new addressing with EIGRP routing and must use secondary addresses, which are missing from the routing table. Which action is the most efficient solution to the problem?
A. Disable split-horizon on the interfaces with secondary addresses.
B. Disable split-horizon inside the EIGRP process on the router with the secondary interface addresses.
C. Add additional router interfaces and move the secondary addresses to the new interfaces.
D. Use a different routing protocol and redistribute the routes between EIGRP and the new protocol.
Normally, routers that are connected to broadcast-type IP networks and that use distance-vector routing protocols employ the split horizon mechanism to reduce the possibility of routing loops. Split horizon blocks information about routes from being advertised by a router out of any interface from which that information originated. This behavior usually optimizes communications among multiple routers, particularly when links are broken. However, with nonbroadcast networks, situations can arise for which this behavior is less than ideal. For these situations, you might want to disable split horizon with EIGRP and RIP. If an interface is configured with secondary IP addresses and split horizon is enabled, updates might not be sourced by every secondary address. One routing update is sourced per network number unless split horizon is disabled.
Q185. Which circumstance can cause packet loss due to a microburst?
A. slow convergence
B. a blocked spanning-tree port
C. process switching
D. insufficient buffers
Micro-bursting is a phenomenon where rapid bursts of data packets are sent in quick succession, leading to periods of full line-rate transmission that can overflow packet buffers of the network stack, both in network endpoints and routers and switches inside the network.
Symptoms of micro bursts will manifest in the form of ignores and/ or overruns (also shown as accumulated in “input error” counter within show interface output). This is indicative of receive ring and corresponding packet buffer being overwhelmed due to data bursts coming in over extremely short period of time (microseconds).
Improve 400-101 exam answers:
Q186. Refer to the exhibit.
Which statement is true?
A. 2001:DB8::1/128 is a local host route, and it can be redistributed into a dynamic routing protocol.
B. 2001:DB8::1/128 is a local host route, and it cannot be redistributed into a dynamic routing protocol.
C. 2001:DB8::1/128 is a local host route that was created because ipv6 unicast-routing is not enabled on this router.
D. 2001:DB8::1/128 is a route that was put in the IPv6 routing table because one of this router's loopback interfaces has the IPv6 address 2001:DB8::1/128.
The local routes have the administrative distance of 0. This is the same adminstrative distance as connected routes. However, when you configure redistributed connected under any routing process, the connected routes are redistributed, but the local routes are not. This behavior allows the networks to not require a large number of host routes, because the networks of the interfaces are advertised with their proper masks. These host routes are only needed on the router that owns the IP address in order to process packets destined to that IP address.
It is normal for local host routes to be listed in the IPv4 and IPv6 routing table for IP addresses of the router's interfaces. Their purpose is to create a corresponding CEF entry as a receive entry so that the packets destined to this IP address can be processed by the router itself. These routes cannot be redistributed into any routing protocol.
Q187. Refer to the exhibit.
At which location will the benefit of this configuration be observed?
A. on Router A and its upstream routers B. on Router A and its downstream routers
C. on Router A only
D. on Router A and all of its ARP neighbors
The following example shows how to configure the router (and downstream routers) to drop all options packets that enter the network: Router(config)# ip options drop
Q188. Refer to the exhibit.
Which three statements about the device with this configuration are true? (Choose three.)
A. Multiple AFIs are configured on the device.
B. The authentication on 172.16.129.7 is configured incorrectly.
C. The device is configured to support MPLS VPNs.
D. This device is configured with a single AFI.
E. The authentication on 172.16.129.4 is configured incorrectly.
F. The device is configured to support L2VPNs.
Q189. Refer to the exhibit.
IPv6 SLAAC clients that are connected to the router are unable to acquire IPv6 addresses. What is the reason for this issue?
A. Router advertisements are not sent by the router.
B. Duplicate address detection is disabled but is required on multiaccess networks.
C. The interface is configured to support DHCPv6 clients only.
D. The configured interface MTU is too low for IPv6 to be operational.
Q190. Refer to the exhibit.
ICMP Echo requests from host A are not reaching the intended destination on host B. What is the problem?
A. The ICMP payload is malformed.
B. The ICMP Identifier (BE) is invalid.
C. The negotiation of the connection failed.
D. The packet is dropped at the next hop.
E. The link is congested.
Here we see that the Time to Live (TTL) value of the packet is one, so it will be forwarded to the next hop router, but then dropped because the TTL value will be 0 at the next hop.