Certified 400-101 Q&A Reviews & Tips

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2017 Apr 400-101 testing engine

Q381. Which option describes a limitation of Embedded Packet Capture? 

A. It can capture data only on physical interfaces and subinterfaces. 

B. It can store only packet data. 

C. It can capture multicast packets only on ingress. 

D. It can capture multicast packets only on egress. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Restrictions for Embedded Packet Capture 

. In Cisco IOS Release 12.2(33)SRE, EPC is supported only on 7200 platform. 

. EPC only captures multicast packets on ingress and does not capture the replicated packets on egress. 

. Currently, the capture file can only be exported off the device; for example, TFTP or FTP servers and local disk. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/epc/configuration/15-mt/epc-15-mt-book/nm-packet-capture.html 


Q382. Which two options describe two functions of a neighbor solicitation message? (Choose two.) 

A. It requests the link-layer address of the target. 

B. It provides its own link-layer address to the target. 

C. It requests the site-local address of the target. 

D. It provides its own site-local address to the target. 

E. It requests the admin-local address of the target. 

F. It provides its own admin-local address to the target. 

Answer: A,B 

Explanation: 

Neighbor solicitation messages are sent on the local link when a node wants to determine the link-layer address of another node on the same local link (see the figure below). When a node wants to determine the link-layer address of another node, the source address in a neighbor solicitation message is the IPv6 address of the node sending the neighbor solicitation message. The destination address in the neighbor solicitation message is the solicited-node multicast address that corresponds to the IPv6 address of the destination node. The neighbor solicitation message also includes the link-layer address of the source node. 

Figure 1. IPv6 Neighbor Discovery: Neighbor Solicitation Message 

After receiving the neighbor solicitation message, the destination node replies by sending a neighbor advertisement message, which has a value of 136 in the Type field of the ICMP packet header, on the local link. The source address in the neighbor advertisement message is the IPv6 address of the node (more specifically, the IPv6 address of the node interface) sending the neighbor advertisement message. The destination address in the neighbor advertisement message is the IPv6 address of the node that sent the neighbor solicitation message. The data portion of the neighbor advertisement message includes the link-layer address of the node sending the neighbor advertisement message. After the source node receives the neighbor advertisement, the source node and destination node can communicate. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/ipv6_basic/configuration/xe-3s/ip6b-xe-3s-book/ip6-neighb-disc-xe.html 


Q383. DRAG DROP 

Drag and drop the IPv6 address on the left to the correct IPv6 address type on the right. 

Answer: 


Q384. DRAG DROP 

Drag and drop the BGP state on the left to the action that defines it on the right. 

Answer: 


Q385. Like OSPFv2, OSPFv3 supports virtual links. Which two statements are true about the IPv6 address of a virtual neighbor? (Choose two.) 

A. It is the link-local address, and it is discovered by examining the hello packets received from the virtual neighbor. 

B. It is the link-local address, and it is discovered by examining link LSA received by the virtual neighbor. 

C. It is the global scope address, and it is discovered by examining the router LSAs received by the virtual neighbor. 

D. Only prefixes with the LA-bit not set can be used as a virtual neighbor address. 

E. It is the global scope address, and it is discovered by examining the intra-area-prefix-LSAs received by the virtual neighbor. 

F. Only prefixes with the LA-bit set can be used as a virtual neighbor address. 

Answer: E,F 

Explanation: 

OSPF for IPv6 assumes that each router has been assigned link-local unicast addresses on each of the router's attached physical links. On all OSPF interfaces except virtual links, OSPF packets are sent using the interface's associated link-local unicast address as the source address. A router learns the link-local addresses of all other routers attached to its links and uses these addresses as next-hop information during packet forwarding. On virtual links, a global scope IPv6 address MUST be used as the source address for OSPF protocol packets. The collection of intra-area-prefix-LSAs originated by the virtual neighbor is examined, with the virtual neighbor's IP address being set to the first prefix encountered with the LA-bit set. 

Reference: https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc5340 


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Q386. Which two features improve BGP convergence? (Choose two.) 

A. next-hop address tracking 

B. additional paths 

C. advertise map 

D. communities 

E. soft reconfiguration 

Answer: A,B 

Explanation: 

The BGP Support for Next-Hop Address Tracking feature is enabled by default when a supporting Cisco software image is installed. BGP next-hop address tracking is event driven. BGP prefixes are automatically tracked as peering sessions are established. Next-hop changes are rapidly reported to the BGP routing process as they are updated in the RIB. This optimization improves overall BGP convergence by reducing the response time to next-hop changes for routes installed in the RIB. When a best path calculation is run in between BGP scanner cycles, only next-hop changes are tracked and processed. BGP routers and route reflectors (RRs) propagate only their best path over their sessions. The advertisement of a prefix replaces the previous announcement of that prefix (this behavior is known as an implicit withdraw). The implicit withdraw can achieve better scaling, but at the cost of path diversity. Path hiding can prevent efficient use of BGP multipath, prevent hitless planned maintenance, and can lead to MED oscillations and suboptimal hot-potato routing. Upon nexthop failures, path hiding also inhibits fast and local recovery because the network has to wait for BGP control plane convergence to restore traffic. The BGP Additional Paths feature provides a generic way of offering path diversity; the Best External or Best Internal features offer path diversity only in limited scenarios. The BGP Additional Paths feature provides a way for multiple paths for the same prefix to be advertised without the new paths implicitly replacing the previous paths. Thus, path diversity is achieved instead of path hiding. 

References: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/docs/ios-xml/ios/iproute_bgp/configuration/15-1sg/irg-nexthop-track.html http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios-xml/ios/iproute_bgp/configuration/xe-3s/irg-xe-3s-book/bgp_additional_paths.html 


Q387. Which three statements about OSPFv3 address families are true? (Choose three.) 

A. Each address family requires the same instance ID. 

B. Address families can perform route redistribution into any IPv4 routing protocol. 

C. An address family can have two device processes on each interface. 

D. IPv4 address family require an IPv4 address to be configured on the interface. 

E. Each address family uses a different shortest path tree. 

F. Different address families can share the same link state database. 

Answer: B,D,E 


Q388. Refer to the exhibit. 

This network is configured with PIM, and the RPF check has failed toward the multicast source. Which two configuration changes must you make to router R3 to enable the RPF check to pass? (Choose two.) 

A. Configure a static multicast route to the multicast source through the tunnel interface. 

B. Configure a static multicast route to the multicast source LAN through the tunnel interface. 

C. Configure a static multicast route to the multicast source LAN through the Ethernet interface. 

D. Remove the command ip prim bidir-enable from the R3 configuration. 

Answer: A,B 


Q389. DRAG DROP 

Drag and drop each EIGRP element on the left to the corresponding definition on the right. 

Answer: 


Q390. Refer to the exhibit. 

With these configurations for R1 and R2, which statement about PPP authentication is true? 

A. Authentication fails because R1 is missing a username and password. 

B. R2 responds with the correct authentication credentials. 

C. R2 requires authentication from R1. 

D. R1 requires authentication from R2. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Only R2 is configured with the “PPP authentication PAP” command so it requires authentication from R1, but R1 does not require authentication from R2. 


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