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Exam Code: 400-101 (Practice Exam Latest Test Questions VCE PDF)
Exam Name: CCIE Routing and Switching (v5.0)
Certification Provider: Cisco
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2017 Apr 400-101 latest exam

Q341. Refer to the exhibit. 

What is a reason for the RIB-failure? 

A. CEF is not enabled on this router. 

B. The route 10.100.1.1/32 is in the routing table, but not as a BGP route. 

C. The routing table has yet to be updated with the BGP route. 

D. The BGP route is filtered inbound and hence is not installed in the routing table. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

A rib-failure occurs when BGP tries to install the bestpath prefix into the RIB, but the RIB rejects the BGP route because a route with better administrative distance already exists in the routing table. An inactive Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) route is a route that is not installed in the RIB, but is installed in the BGP table as rib-failure. Example Topology Router 1 (R1) and router 2 (R2) have two parallel links; one links runs BGP AS 65535 and the other link runs Enhanced Interior Gateway Routing Protocol (EIGRP) AS 1. Both BGP and EIGRP are advertising the network 10.1.1.1/32 on R1. 

R2 learns about the 1.1.1.1/32 route through both EIGRP and BGP, but installs only the EIGRP route in the routing table because of the lower administrative distance. Since the BGP route is not installed in the R2 routing table, the route appears as a rib-failure in the R2 BGP table. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/border-gateway-protocol-bgp/116146-config-bgp-next-hop-00.html 


Q342. Which statement describes what it means if a router has an OSPF priority set to 0? 

A. A router with the OSPF priority set to 0 is one that can participate in the election of a DR. It has the highest priority. 

B. A router with the OSPF priority set to 0 is one that cannot participate in the election of a DR, but it can become a BDR 

C. A router with the OSPF priority set to 0 is one that cannot participate in the election of a DR. It can become neither a DR nor a BDR. 

D. A router with the OSPF priority set to 0 is one that cannot participate in the election of a BDR, but it can become a DR 

Answer:


Q343. DRAG DROP 

Drag and drop the IS-IS component on the left to the function that it performs on the right. 

Answer: 


Q344. Which two options are ways in which an OSPFv3 router handles hello packets with a clear address-family bit? (Choose two.) 

A. IPv4 unicast packets are discarded. 

B. IPv6 unicast packets are discarded. 

C. IPv4 unicast packets are forwarded. 

D. IPv6 unicast packets are forwarded. 

Answer: A,D 

Explanation: 

A typical distance vector protocol saves the following information when computing the best path to a destination: the distance (total metric or distance, such as hop count) and the vector (the next hop). For instance, all the routers in the network in Figure 1 are running Routing Information Protocol (RIP). Router Two chooses the path to Network A by examining the hop count through each available path. 

Since the path through Router Three is three hops, and the path through Router One is two hops, Router Two chooses the path through One and discards the information it learned through Three. If the path between Router One and Network A goes down, Router Two loses all connectivity with this destination until it times out the route of its routing table (three update periods, or 90 seconds), and Router Three re-advertises the route (which occurs every 30 seconds in RIP). Not including any hold-down time, it will take between 90 and 120 seconds for Router Two to switch the path from Router One to Router Three. EIGRP, instead of counting on full periodic updates to re-converge, builds a topology table from each of its neighbor's advertisements (rather than discarding the data), and converges by either looking for a likely loop-free route in the topology table, or, if it knows of no other route, by querying its neighbors. Router Two saves the information it received from both Routers One and Three. It chooses the path through One as its best path (the successor) and the path through Three as a loop-free path (a feasible successor). When the path through Router One becomes unavailable, Router Two examines its topology table and, finding a feasible successor, begins using the path through Three immediately. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/enhanced-interior-gateway-routing-protocol-eigrp/16406-eigrp-toc.html 


Q345. Which problem can result when private AS numbers are included in advertisements that are sent to the global Internet BGP table? 

A. The prefixes sent with private AS numbers are always discarded on the Internet. 

B. The prefixes sent with private AS numbers are always tagged as invalid on the Internet. 

C. The prefixes sent with private AS numbers lack uniqueness, which can lead to a loss of connectivity. 

D. The prefixes sent with private AS numbers are sometimes tagged as invalid on the Internet. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

Private AS numbers are not meant to be used for global Internet BGP routing, as they are assigned locally and can be used by any organization. They are meant to enable BGP within a enterprise or VPN, but since these numbers can be used by any organization they are not unique and could cause connectivity loss if leaked to the Internet. 


Up to the minute 400-101 answers:

Q346. Which two statements about proxy ARP are true? (Choose two.) 

A. It is supported on networks without ARP. 

B. It allows machines to spoof packets. 

C. It must be used on a network with the host on a different subnet. 

D. It requires larger ARP tables. 

E. It reduces the amount of ARP traffic. 

Answer: B,D 

Explanation: 

Disadvantages of Proxy ARP 

Hosts have no idea of the physical details of their network and assume it to be a flat network in which they can reach any destination simply by sending an ARP request. But using ARP for everything has disadvantages. These are some of the disadvantages: 

It increases the amount of ARP traffic on your segment. 

Hosts need larger ARP tables in order to handle IP-to-MAC address mappings. 

Security can be undermined. A machine can claim to be another in order to intercept packets, an act called "spoofing." 

It does not work for networks that do not use ARP for address resolution. 

It does not generalize to all network topologies. For example, more than one router that connects two physical networks. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/support/docs/ip/dynamic-address-allocation-resolution/13718-5.html 


Q347. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement about configuring the switch to manage traffic is true? 

A. The switchport priority extend cos command on interface FastEthernet0/0 prevents traffic to and from the PC from taking advantage of the high-priority data queue that is assigned to the IP phone. 

B. The switchport priority extend cos command on interface FastEthernet0/0 enables traffic to and from the PC to use the high priority data queue that is assigned to the IP phone. 

C. When the switch is configured to trust the CoS label of incoming traffic, the trusted boundary feature is disabled automatically. 

D. The mls qos cos override command on interface FastEthernet0/0 configures the port to trust the CoS label of traffic to and from the PC. 

Answer:

Explanation: 

In some situations, you can prevent a PC connected to the Cisco IP Phone from taking advantage of a high-priority data queue. You can use the switchport priority extend cos interface configuration command to configure the telephone through the switch CLI to override the priority of the traffic received from the PC. 

Reference: http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/switches/lan/catalyst2950/software/release/12-1_22_ea2/configuration/guide/2950scg/swqos.html 


Q348. Which two statements about the C-bit and PW type are true? (Choose two.) 

A. The C-bit is 1 byte and the PW type is 15 bytes. 

B. The PW type indicates the type of pseudowire. 

C. The C-bit is 3 bits and the PW type is 10 bits. 

D. The C-bit set to 1 indicates a control word is present. 

E. The PW type indicates the encryption type. 

Answer: B,D 

Explanation: 

The control word carries generic and Layer 2 payload-specific information. If the C-bit is set to 1, the advertising PE expects the control word to be present in every pseudowire packet on the pseudowire that is being signaled. If the C-bit is set to 0, no control word is expected to be present. Pseudowire Type—PW Type is a 15-bit field that represents the type of pseudowire. 

Reference: http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=386788&seqNum=2 


Q349. DRAG DROP 

Drag and drop the BGP attribute on the left to the correct category on the right. 

Answer: 


Q350. Which two statements are true about an EPL? (Choose two.) 

A. It is a point-to-point Ethernet connection between a pair of NNIs. 

B. It allows for service multiplexing. 

C. It has a high degree of transparency. 

D. The EPL service is also referred to as E-line. 

Answer: C,D 

Explanation: 

Ethernet private line (EPL) and Ethernet virtual private line (EVPL) are carrier Ethernet data services defined by the Metro Ethernet Forum. EPL provides a point-to-point Ethernet virtual connection (EVC) between a pair of dedicated user–network interfaces (UNIs), with a high degree of transparency. EVPL provides a point-to-point or point-to-multipoint connection between a pair of UNIs. The services are categorized as an E-Line service type, with an expectation of low frame delay, frame delay variation and frame loss ratio. EPL is implemented using a point-to-point (EVC) with no Service Multiplexing at each UNI (physical interface), i.e., all service frames at the UNI are mapped to a single EVC (a.k.a. all-to-one bundling). 

Reference: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethernet_Private_Line 


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