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Q231. What is the purpose of Route Target Constraint? 

A. to avoid using route reflectors in MPLS VPN networks 

B. to avoid using multiple route distinguishers per VPN in MPLS VPN networks 

C. to be able to implement VPLS with BGP signaling 

D. to avoid sending unnecessary BGP VPNv4 or VPNv6 updates to the PE router 

E. to avoid BGP having to perform route refreshes 



Some service providers have a very large number of routing updates being sent from RRs to PEs, using considerable resources. A PE does not need routing updates for VRFs that are not on the PE; therefore, the PE determines that many routing updates it receives are “unwanted.” The PE can filter out the unwanted updates using Route Target Constraint. 

Reference: e_book/irg_rt_filter_xe.html. 


Drag each IPv6 extension header on the left to its corresponding description on the right. 


Q233. Refer to the exhibit. 

What is wrong with the configuration of the tunnel interface of this DMVPN Phase II spoke router? 

A. The interface MTU is too high. 

B. The tunnel destination is missing. 

C. The NHRP NHS IP address is wrong. 

D. The tunnel mode is wrong. 



By default, tunnel interfaces use GRE as the tunnel mode, but a DMVPN router needs to be configured for GRE multipoint by using the “tunnel mode gre multipoint” interface command. 

Q234. Which two attributes were introduced with the Cisco IOS BGP 4-byte ASN feature? (Choose two.) 






Answer: A,B 

Q235. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement is true about a valid IPv6 address that can be configured on tunnel interface0? 

A. There is not enough information to calculate the IPv6 address. 

B. 6to4 tunneling allows you to use any IPv6 address. 

C. 2001:7DCB:5901::/128 is a valid IPv6 address. 

D. 2002:7DCB:5901::/128 is a valid IPv6 address. 



Most IPv6 networks use autoconfiguration, which requires the last 64 bits for the host. The first 64 bits are the IPv6 prefix. The first 16 bits of the prefix are always 2002:, the next 32 bits are the IPv4 address, and the last 16 bits of the prefix are available for addressing multiple IPv6 subnets behind the same 6to4 router. Since the IPv6 hosts using autoconfiguration already have determined the unique 64 bit host portion of their address, they must simply wait for a Router Advertisement indicating the first 64 bits of prefix to have a complete IPv6 address. A 6to4 router will know to send an encapsulated packet directly over IPv4 if the first 16 bits are 2002, using the next 32 as the destination, or otherwise send the packet to a well-known relay server, which has access to native IPv6. 


Q236. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which statement about this IP SLA is true? 

A. The SLA must also have a schedule configured before it will start. 

B. The TTL of the SLA packets is 10. 

C. The SLA has a timeout of 3.6 seconds. 

D. The SLA has a lifetime of 5 seconds. 



When you configure an IP SLAs operation, you must schedule the operation to begin capturing statistics and collecting error information. You can schedule an operation to start immediately or to start at a certain month, day, and hour. You can use the pending option to set the operation to start at a later time. The pending option is an internal state of the operation that is visible through SNMP. The pending state is also used when an operation is a reaction (threshold) operation waiting to be triggered. You can schedule a single IP SLAs operation or a group of operations at one time. We can see in this output that the IP SLA is still in a pending trigger state. 


Q237. Refer to the exhibit. 

A spoke site that is connected to Router-A cannot reach a spoke site that is connected to Router-B, but both spoke sites can reach the hub. What is the likely cause of this issue? 

A. There is a router doing PAT at site B. 

B. There is a router doing PAT at site A. 

C. NHRP is learning the IP address of the remote spoke site as a /32 address rather than a /24 address. 

D. There is a routing issue, as NHRP registration is working. 



If one spoke is behind one NAT device and another different spoke is behind another NAT device, and Peer Address Translation (PAT) is the type of NAT used on both NAT devices, then a session initiated between the two spokes cannot be established. 

Reference: de/convert/sec_dmvpn_xe_3s_book/sec_dmvpn_dt_spokes_b_nat_xe.html 

Q238. Which statement about the spanning-tree portfast feature on the switch is true? 

A. If an interface is enabled for portfast receives BDPU, the port goes through the spanning-tree listening, learning, and forwarding states. 

B. If an interface is enabled for portfast receives BDPU, the port does not go through the spanning-tree listening, learning, and forwarding states. 

C. If an interface is enabled for portfast receives BDPU, the port is shut down immediately. 

D. If an interface is enabled for portfast receives BDPU, the port goes into the spanning-tree inconsistent state. 


Q239. Refer to the exhibit. 

You discover that only 1.5 Mb/s of web traffic can pass during times of congestion on the given network. 

Which two options are possible reasons for this limitation? (Choose two.) 

A. The web traffic class has too little bandwidth reservation. 

B. Video traffic is using too much bandwidth. 

C. The service-policy is on the wrong interface. 

D. The service-policy is going in the wrong direction. 

E. The NAT policy is adding too much overhead. 

Answer: A,B 


In this example, the web traffic will fall into the default class, which is only 15 percent of the 10Mbps Internet connection (1.5Mbps). Meanwhile, video traffic is allowed 50% of the 10 Mbps. 

Q240. On which three options can Cisco PfR base its traffic routing? (Choose three.) 

A. Time of day 

B. An access list with permit or deny statements 

C. Load-balancing requirements 

D. Network performance 

E. User-defined link capacity thresholds 

F. Router IOS version 

Answer: C,D,E 


Key Advantages of using PfR for Load balancing: 

. Utilization based load-balancing: PfR takes real-time link utilization into account when load balancing the links. This will ensure that a link will not go beyond a certain percentage of its maximum capacity (75% by default). 

. Application Performance based Load Balancing: PfR does not randomly forward traffic through one link or another. It takes application performance requirements into consideration and then forwards the traffic through a link which meets the performance policy requirements. PfR also load balances the link at the same time. 

. Bi-directional Solution: PfR is a bi-directional load balancing solution which influences outbound as well as in-bound traffic. 

. Consolidated Centralized View: PfR offers consolidated and centralized view of the state of all external links in the network. At any given time, the network administrator can see the current link utilization (in kbps and percentage of its capacity), maximum link threshold, and the policies applied to the links in the network.