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Q81. Which component of the BGP ORF can you use to permit and deny routing updates? 

A. match 

B. action 



E. ORF type 


Q82. Which three statements about the route preference of IS-IS are true? (Choose three.) 

A. An L1 path is preferred over an L2 path. 

B. An L2 path is preferred over an L1 path. 

C. Within each level, a path that supports optional metrics is preferred over a path that supports only the default metric. 

D. Within each level of metric support, the path with the lowest metric is preferred. 

E. The Cisco IS-IS implementation usually performs equal cost path load balancing on up to eight paths. 

F. Both L1 and L2 routes will be installed in the routing table at the same time. 

Answer: A,C,D 


Given multiple possible routes to a particular destination, an L1 path is preferred over an L2 path. Within each level, a path that supports the optional metrics is preferred over a path that supports only the default metric. (Again, Cisco supports only the default metric, so the second order of preference is not relevant to Cisco routers.) Within each level of metric support, the path with the lowest metric is preferred. If multiple equal-cost, equal-level paths are found by the Decision process, they are all entered into the route table. The Cisco IS-IS implementation usually performs equal-cost load balancing on up to six paths. 


Q83. Refer to the exhibit. 

For which reason could a BGP-speaking device in autonomous system 65534 be prevented from installing the given route in its BGP table? 

A. The AS number of the BGP is specified in the given AS_PATH. 

B. The origin of the given route is unknown. 

C. BGP is designed only for publicly routed addresses. 

D. The AS_PATH for the specified prefix exceeds the maximum number of ASs allowed. 

E. BGP does not allow the AS number 65535. 



BGP is considered to be a 'Path Vector' routing protocol rather than a distance vector routing protocol since it utilises a list of AS numbers to describe the path that a packet should take. This list is called the AS_PATH. Loops are prevented because if a BGP speaking router sees it's own AS in the AS_PATH of a route it rejects the route. 

Q84. Refer to the exhibit. 

A PE router is configured with a policy map that contains the policer shown. The policy map is configured in the inbound direction of an interface facing a CE router. If the PE router 

receives 12Mb/s of traffic with the CoS value set to 7 on a 100-Mb/s interface from the CE router, what value of MPLS EXP is set when this traffic goes through the policer shown? 

A. 0 

B. 6 

C. 7 

D. 8 



Here, the policer is set where the conforming traffic is set to 10 percent of the 100 Mbps interface, so anything more than 10 Mbps will be placed into the exceeding traffic class, the traffic EXP value will be changed from 7 to 6 per the configuration. 

Q85. How many hash buckets does Cisco Express Forwarding use for load balancing? 

A. 8 

B. 16 

C. 24 

D. 32 



In order to understand how the load balance takes place, you must first see how the tables relate. The Cisco Express Forwarding table points to 16 hash buckets (load share table), which point to the adjacency table for parallel paths. Each packet to be switched is broken up into the source and destination address pair and checked against the loadshare table. 


Q86. Refer to the exhibit. 

Routers R1, R2, and R3 are configured as shown, and traffic from R2 fails to reach 

Which action can you take to correct the problem? 

A. Correct the static route on R1. 

B. Correct the default route on R2. 

C. Edit the EIGRP configuration of R3 to enable auto-summary. 

D. Correct the network statement for on R3. 



On R1 we see there is a wrongly configured static route: ip route It should be ip route 

Q87. Which action does route poisoning take that serves as a loop-prevention method? 

A. It immediately sends routing updates with an unreachable metric to all devices. 

B. It immediately sends routing updates with a metric of 255 to all devices. 

C. It prohibits a router from advertising back onto the interface from which it was learned. 

D. It advertises a route with an unreachable metric back onto the interface from which it was learned. 

E. It poisons the route by tagging it uniquely within the network. 



With route poisoning, when a router detects that one of its connected routes has failed, the router will poison the route by assigning an infinite metric to it and advertising it to neighbors. 

Q88. Refer to the exhibit. 

Which feature can R1 use to fail over from R2 to R3 if the address for R2 becomes unavailable? 

A. object tracking 






The object tracking feature allows you to create a tracked object that multiple clients can use to modify the client behavior when a tracked object changes. Several clients register their interest with the tracking process, track the same object, and take different actions when the object state changes. 

Clients include the following features: 

. Embedded Event Manager (EEM) 

. Gateway Load Balancing Protocol (GLBP) 

. Hot Standby Redundancy Protocol (HSRP) 

. Virtual port channel (vPC) 

. Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol (VRRP) 

The object tracking monitors the status of the tracked objects and communicates any changes made to interested clients. Each tracked object is identified by a unique number that clients can use to configure the action to take when a tracked object changes state. 


Q89. Which statement about NAT64 is true? 

A. It uses one-to-one mapping between IPv6 addresses and IPv4 addresses. 

B. It requires static address mapping between IPv6 addresses and IPv4 addresses. 

C. It can be used to translate an IPv6 network to another IPv6 network. 

D. It can be configured for stateless and stateful translation. 


Q90. Which two options are causes of out-of-order packets? (Choose two.) 

A. a routing loop 

B. a router in the packet flow path that is intermittently dropping packets 

C. high latency 

D. packets in a flow traversing multiple paths through the network 

E. some packets in a flow being process-switched and others being interrupt-switched on a transit router 

Answer: D,E 


In traditional packet forwarding systems, using different paths have varying latencies that cause out of order packets, eventually resulting in far lower performance for the network application. Also, if some packets are process switched quickly by the routing engine of the router while others are interrupt switched (which takes more time) then it could result in out of order packets. The other options would cause packet drops or latency, but not out of order packets.